Python Extract Values From String

join(filter(str. json [/code]file. I have the following input string. A short newbie question. Python zip function takes iterable elements as input, and returns iterator. Which is the better suited for the purpose, regular expressions or the isdigit() method? Example: line = "hello 12 hi 89" Result: [12, 89]. strptime(date_string, format) Both the arguments are mandatory and should be string. If you find missing recipes or mistakes in existing recipes please add an issue to the issue tracker. py A parsing method similar to that described above will be performed on the file named after the colon. How To: Extract values from a field and write them to a text file using Python at ArcGIS 10. Yes I have tried to do so. join(mylist) spam, ham, eggs Using the same method, you might also do this:. For example, you may need to represent a date value numerically like "02-23-2018". In order to accomplish the mail reading task we’ll make use of the imaplib Python module. The dict structure is what provides the flexibility and searchability. Unfortunately there is very little agreement on a standard way to do this, unlike e. Matches array: Some operations allow to retrieve information about matches. This section will cover some of Python's built-in string methods and formatting operations, before moving on to a quick guide to the extremely useful subject of regular expressions. How to scrape text from webpage using beautifulsoup python? I need to extract the text from the webpage http putting b before a string as I have done, allows python to understand you are. You need to rebind (assign) it to line in order to have that variable take the new value, with those characters removed. If your String contains "dd-mm-yy", split on the "-" character to get an array of: "dd" "mm" "yy". I mean like 498,49867,497543 from string1,string2,string3 respectively. Jared likes to make things. Looking for a value in a list - Python In any scripting language, avoiding loops makes for easier to write and faster to run code. How to scrape text from webpage using beautifulsoup python? I need to extract the text from the webpage http putting b before a string as I have done, allows python to understand you are. Extract VCF. Since strings can't be changed, we construct *new* strings as we go to represent computed values. Assuming you are using pandas and reading from a. You'll learn how to access and extract portions of strings, and also become familiar with the methods that are available to manipulate and modify string data in Python 3. I have a string series[Episode 37]-03th_July_2010-YouTube and I want to extract the number which comes directly after Episode (eg: 37 from Episode 37)the position ofEpisode 37` may not be fixed in. This is equivalent to np. This contrasts with languages like perl and basic, where a string variable can be modified in place. Dan, I appreciate the quick reply, but I guess I didn't state the problem clearly enough. If end is not included, or if the specified value exceeds the string length,. Strings can have spaces: "hello world". use a tuple as the value and a custom __new__() to replace the tuple with an int value. From the paragraph's text, regular expressions are used to search for string patterns. Information on tools for unpacking archive files provided on python. In this tutorial you'll learn how to use Python's rich set of operators, functions, and methods for working with strings. By default, String extracts the text content of only the matched element, but not its descendants. All of these operators share something in common -- they are "bitwise" operators. Values in incomparables will never be marked as duplicated. But if you write 0. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. Q&A for Work. In this example, Python reads the exampleString and calculates the number of characters in the string using the "len" function. A Python program can read a text file using the built-in open() function. By default, split() takes whitespace as the delimiter. The inside if functions could probably be cleaned up alittle with some looping (or at least made more general), but it is somewhat complicated because Zip. Then: We initialize two variables to those two packed values. Python Associating Multiple Values with Each Key i Python Inverting a Dictionary; Python Extracting a Subset of a Dictionary; Python Building a Dictionary Without Excessive Quo Python Adding an Entry to a Dictionary; Python Getting a Value from a Dictionary; Python Transposing Two-Dimensional Arrays; Python Removing or Reordering. Python HOME Python Intro Python Get Started Python Syntax Python Comments Python Variables Python Data Types Python Numbers Python Casting Python Strings Python Booleans Python Operators Python Lists Python Tuples Python Sets Python Dictionaries Python IfElse Python While Loops Python For Loops Python Functions Python Lambda Python Arrays. python reference documentation: "Exposes a mechanism for extracting C++ object values from generalized Python objects. Extract the image metadata by reading the initial part of the PNG file up to the start of the IDAT chunk. You can extract partial strings from string values, add or remove spacing, convert letters to lowercase or uppercase, and check that strings are formatted correctly. If the subscript you provide between the brackets is less than zero,. Can this be done simply by either standard library or other libraries? Some pointers where to get started would be much appreciated. In this post: Python extract text from image Python OCR(Optical Character Recognition) for PDF Python extract text from multiple images in folder How to improve the OCR results Python's binding pytesseract for tesserct-ocr is extracting text from image or PDF with great success: str = pytesseract. For example, below is a Python 3 program that opens lorem. In Python, a string is a series of alphanumeric characters. Analyzing the running time of a Python program requires an understanding of the cost of the various Python primitives. He really wants you to watch The Hello World Program so you can learn the skills you need to build an awesome future. str can be used to access the values of the series as strings and apply several methods to it. At the prompt, use the python command to run the sample. Other character types: Other character encodings are implicitly converted to utf8mb4 and treated as described for utf8 character type. org or mail your article to [email protected] Pandas Series. In this article, we show how to extract only alphanumeric characters from a string in Python using regular expressions. Python Convert String To Datetime Tutorial – Convert String Into Datetime Let’s say, you have given a CSV file that contains some data in which one of the column is about time and the time is nothing but a string here like time=”10-9-2018 11:46:59″. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the Dictionary class (openWith is the name of the Dictionary used in this example). Datacamp provides online interactive courses that combine interactive coding challenges with videos from top instructors in the field. The number of characters to extract. Boolean columns: Boolean values are treated in the same way as string columns. the first analysis task is to transform this string into a more useful Python object. In the file I want to extract the entire column pph2_prob (i. How To: Extract values from a field and write them to a text file using Python at ArcGIS 10. Let’s dive into it. Actually, this is necessary in many cases. How to extract numbers from a string in Python? Python Server Side Programming Programming If you only want positive integers, you can split and search for numbers as follows:. Extracting Data from PDF File Using Python and R. Python Lists. Year What is required in Python? Answers: It’s in fact almost the same in Python. Extract the substring of the column in pandas python; With examples. Simple one-liner solution. It's better to use JSON deserialization tools (e. Left String - Extract characters from the beginning of a string Description: Similar to the Left function in VB a batch script can return a specified number of characters from the left side of a string by specifying a substring for an expansion given a position of 0 and a length using :~ while expanding a variable content. python,list,sorting,null. As of PHP 4. 07/01/2019; 5 minutes to read; In this article. Since strings can't be changed, we construct *new* strings as we go to represent computed values. Datacamp provides online interactive courses that combine interactive coding challenges with videos from top instructors in the field. findall('\d+', s)) print list. In Python, with regular expressions, we can do this easily. Packed with practical recipes written and tested with Python 3. Just have a look at the below example:. Matches array: Some operations allow to retrieve information about matches. Single-sourcing the package version¶. How do I accomplish that? This is a part of what the. Using any of these methods signifies to the user that these values are not important, and also enables one to add, remove, or reorder members without having to renumber the. Python String split is commonly used to extract a specific value or text from a given string. If your integer is guaranteed to always be the second of three "words", each separated by white space, something like s = 'X= 45 A' number = s. If key is not available then returns default value None. An integer value used to select an item in a sequence, such as a character in a string. In Python, Strings are arrays of bytes representing Unicode characters. The simple way to search for a string in a list is just to use 'if string in list'. Which is the better suited for the purpose, regular expressions or the isdigit() method? Example: line = "hello 12 hi 89" Result: [12, 89]. Can be both a positive or negative number. compress(ravel(condition), ravel(arr)). Yours could actually be modified to compare the raw numbers instead of the string representation (which would be more efficient), but I still think it's easier to keep it as a string from the start. Extracted value is always unicode. Matches array: Some operations allow to retrieve information about matches. However, I don't know how to get the current date without the datetime and how to convert date to string. With Python using NumPy and SciPy you can read, extract information, modify, display, create and save image data. Get the value after the last delimiter. In addition, Python's built-in string classes support the sequence type methods described in the Sequence Types — str, unicode, list, tuple, bytearray, buffer, xrange section, and also the string-specific methods described in the. In this post, we will discuss about extracting title from the document Images mainly E-paper Articles. Re arrange or Re order the row of dataframe in pandas python; Extract Substring from column in pandas python; Append a character or string to the column in pandas python; Populate current date in pandas python; Populate current datetime in pandas python; String Split in column of dataframe in pandas python; Generate row number in pandas python. There is another way of reversing the string in Python. and if i mean slow, i really mean it (yes, it takes about 5 seconds per row, so imagine how long this is for around 5000 features). tabula-py - Simple wrapper of tabula-java: extract table from PDF into pandas DataFrame github. Dealing with string values is very common in real-world. The Python string data type is a sequence made up of one or more individual characters that could consist of letters, numbers, whitespace characters, or symbols. Split strings on the delimiter returning DataFrame of dummy variables: contains() Return boolean array if each string contains pattern/regex: replace() Replace occurrences of pattern/regex/string with some other string or the return value of a callable given the occurrence: repeat() Duplicate values (s. >>> Python Software Foundation. 3 and beyond, x may be a string of any length. Because of this, the effect of line. For example, python get-text. Extract SQL Query Results in Python. Let us get started with some examples from a real world data set. pdf), Text File (. Extract Substring from column in pandas python; Append a character or string to the column in pandas python; Populate current date in pandas python; Populate current datetime in pandas python; String Split in column of dataframe in pandas python; Generate row number in pandas python; Generate random number in pandas python; String compare in. Getting Started¶. When a bash function ends its return value is its status: zero for success, non-zero for failure. Extract VCF. You can simply use a regular expression to extract the date and "datetime. Because invoking a mutable python type with an argument of the same type (e. Two usages are supported: extract(o) is a temporary object which is implicitly convertible to T (explicit conversion is also available through the object's function-call operator). In the first two chapters of this booksite our programs were confined to operations on numbers, booleans, and strings. If you read our previous tutorials, you may notice that at some time we used this conversion. Yes I have tried to do so. str can be used to access the values of the series as strings and apply several methods to it. findall(expression,string) method. Such a statement would be present in your exports (BOOST_PYTHON_MODULE() definition) for any std::pair you wish to export to python as a result of function return values; of course, the above example is for a pair of ints. In this article we will show you, How to write find string Function in Python Programming. join(mylist) spam, ham, eggs Using the same method, you might also do this:. Fortunately, the Python interpreter is easily called recursively, and there is a standard interface to call a Python function. Say you have the following string: 'the recipe calls for 6 strawberries and 2 bananas'. I need to retrieve key value pairs from config file and will use those values in my script. Syntax: dataframe. how to slice string from specific string in python. Hi I am new to Python but am working on a project where I want to extract numbers from a string. The split() method takes maximum of 2 parameters: separator (optional)- The is a delimiter. Delete elements from a Numpy Array by value or conditions in Python; Python : How to access characters in string by index ? Different ways to Remove a key from Dictionary in Python | del vs dict. If condition is boolean np. slice: A part of a string specified by a range of indices. It's better to use JSON deserialization tools (e. Getting the Access Token: To be able to extract data from Facebook using a python code you need to register as a developer on Facebook and then have an access token. Split strings on the delimiter returning DataFrame of dummy variables: contains() Return boolean array if each string contains pattern/regex: replace() Replace occurrences of pattern/regex/string with some other string or the return value of a callable given the occurrence: repeat() Duplicate values (s. As a new developer, It is essential to understand what is input in Python. See more: extract text from xml file python, python xml to string, python elementtree tutorial, python read xml file example, how to extract data from xml file using python, python xml get attribute value, python xml tutorial, elementtree python 3, Here\ s a coustom offer for everything you\ r looking for. image_to_string(file,. Note that place does the exact opposite of extract. …Let's start with the problem. Python String Operations. A Python library for extract property from data. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. How to Read Email From Gmail Using Python In this tutorial, you’ll see how to read email from Gmail using Python. Thanks in advance. In this article, we show how to extract only non-alphanumeric characters from a string in Python using regular expressions. a literal Python value, such as a string, integer or floating point value, boolean, datetime, Decimal object, or virtually any other Python object, will be coerced into a “literal bound value”. script resource¶ [edit on GitHub] Use the script resource to execute scripts using a specified interpreter, such as Bash, csh, Perl, Python, or Ruby. In python, we have computer vision library OPENCV(open source computer vision library) and…. py and parse the version with a regex. Exercise 5 Take the following Python code that stores a string:` str = 'X-DSPAM-Confidence: 0. You specify the start position of the substring within the value. Its whole purpose is to read Python code and to break it down into its syntactic components. Before you can start working with JSON in Python, you'll need some JSON to work with. How to extract numbers from a string in Python? Python Server Side Programming Programming If you only want positive integers, you can split and search for numbers as follows:. These are Python's bitwise operators. Dictionaries are Python's built-in associative data type. The model of querying databases using DB API 2. In this article, we show how to extract only alphanumeric characters from a string in Python using regular expressions. get, which will map each key to the corresponding value, then use builtin function map to build the list obtained by applying this callable to each item in the sorted list of keys. Since none of these dealt with real world financial numbers in excel and word docs that I needed to find, here is my variation. I'm new to Python and need your help. This defines a function which takes some python source's filename and a function name fname (your "x") and yields each identifier returned by function fname. Python is an interpreted type language, which means that it directly runs and executes line-by-line. Concatenation of Two or More Strings. For example, in Python, you can write: L = L1 + L2. You can slice these further to extract only the first and last entries of each. i tried by best to run the whole process in back end but was not successful, so allowed by data to change. This can be accomplished by simple python set operation. 13: Network Programming We take a quick look at how data moves across the network using the HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP) and how we write programs to read data scross the network. Note: This syntax form creates elegant and small programs. We can both convert lists and dictionaries to JSON, and convert strings to lists and dictionaries. This generally means that a bindparam() will be produced featuring the given value embedded into the construct; the resulting BindParameter object. I need to retrieve key value pairs from config file and will use those values in my script. I need to use Python’s strftime rarely enough that I can’t remember it off the top of my head and never bookmark it but often enough to be annoyed with having to Google “python strftime” and then find the table above in the Python documentation. isdigit, your_string))) for extracting all digits to one integer. For instance, you may want to perform an operation on the string based on the condition that the string contains a number. active oldest votes. To manipulate strings and character values, python has several in-built functions. In one case, you meant it to be truncated (to one digit) as 0. Assigning a value to a Python variable is fairly straightforward. The variables act like any other. If you need help writing programs in Python 3, or want to update older Python 2 code, this book is just the ticket. org or mail your article to [email protected] How to extract lines from a text file that contains strings from a list in another file? (if I want to use loops I'll crack open python) so I'm accepting it. 8475' Use find and string slicing to extract the portion of the string after the colon character and then use the float function to convert the extracted string into a floating point number. DEFAULTSECT (that is: "DEFAULT") The convention of allowing a special section of default values for other sections or interpolation purposes is a powerful concept of this library, letting users create complex declarative configurations. The split() method takes maximum of 2 parameters: separator (optional)- The is a delimiter. Python String split is commonly used to extract a specific value or text from a given string. A quick way to get started is by trying out some of the examples below to get a feel for how to use python-pptx. Both styles can be used, and both are considered regular strings. Spencer> What would be the best way to extract the integer value 45 from Spencer> the following string? Spencer> 'X= 45 A' Depends entirely on how regular your data is. The important difference is that tuples are immutable. Q&A for Work. This defines a function which takes some python source's filename and a function name fname (your "x") and yields each identifier returned by function fname. If you can't update the logging, you can then setup custom field extraction to extract all values (or do it inline in the search using rex command). The following tutorial describes how to use PyPDF2 and the PDFTables API for Python to extract tabular data from a PDF and download it as a CSV (or xlsx or xml) file. Removing keys from dictionary while iterating by creating a list of keys. Values in-between indicate different levels of transparency. as a delimiter to extract words from. Pandas Series. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Delete elements from a Numpy Array by value or conditions in Python; Python : How to access characters in string by index ? Different ways to Remove a key from Dictionary in Python | del vs dict. In the first two chapters of this booksite our programs were confined to operations on numbers, booleans, and strings. On the flip side, you may need to write the same date value in a longer textual format like "Feb 23, 2018". (10 replies) Hello. eg: But what if you need to search for just 'cat' or some other regular expression and return a list of the list items that match, or a list of selected parts of list items that …. The match() method retrieves the result of matching a string against a regular expression. Python Convert String To Datetime Tutorial – Convert String Into Datetime Let’s say, you have given a CSV file that contains some data in which one of the column is about time and the time is nothing but a string here like time=”10-9-2018 11:46:59″. Questions: I would like to extract the year from the current date using Python. How to create a 3D Terrain with Google Maps and height maps in Photoshop - 3D Map Generator Terrain - Duration: 20:32. This is an index access. For example, you might have the boring task of copying certain data from one spreadsheet and pasting it into another one. On some platforms, you can also find out who owns the file in question. For example, you may need to represent a date value numerically like "02-23-2018". cols dict has keys that are headings in the inFile, and values are a All data is read in as strings. py , that takes an integer n and a filename as command line arguments and splits the file into multiple small files with each having n lines. The Python string data type is a sequence made up of one or more individual characters consisting of letters, numbers, whitespace characters, or symbols. Python Syntax + Strings and Console Output. The string that I am dealing with is pasted below, and I want to extract the prices that are contained in the string below. The resulting string is a series of key=value pairs separated by '&' characters, where both key and value are quoted using the quote_via function. Now I need to get only integer values from the string like 498. The sample will attempt to open a new window or tab in your default browser. You specify the start position of the substring within the value. split(), which turns a big string into a list of littler strings based on some delimiting character, such as a space or comma. Perform data wrangling using string processing tools. Two usages are supported: extract(o) is a temporary object which is implicitly convertible to T (explicit conversion is also available through the object's function-call operator). If a module or library doesn't exist that fits your parsing needs, then you'll have to extract the information from the text yourself using Python's string manipulation methods. Extracting/finding strings from a list. A Python program can read a text file using the built-in open() function. Getting Started¶. The focus of this training program. In this article we will show you, How to write find string Function in Python Programming. If you find missing recipes or mistakes in existing recipes please add an issue to the issue tracker. The mission of the Python Software Foundation is to promote, protect, and advance the Python programming language, and to support and facilitate the growth of a diverse and international community of Python programmers. To put it simply, it helps developers with string formatting and concatenation. Let’s see how to return last n characters from right of column in pandas with an example. It means you don't need to import or have dependency on any external package to deal with string data type in Python. 5, this function now returns the number of variables extracted. Please refer the highlighted code in 'Red'. As of PHP 4. The input() function reads a line entered on a console by an input device such as a keyboard and convert it into a string and returns it. // get an int from a python object int x = boost::python::extract(int_obj); // get an STL string from a python object std::string s = boost::python::extract(str_obj); // get a user-defined type from a python object Foo foo = boost::python::extract(foo_obj);. As a datetime object, we can easily extract different elements of the datetime object, such as the year, month, day, hour, minute, and second. Values in-between indicate different levels of transparency. The string that I am dealing with is pasted below, and I want to extract the prices that are contained in the string below. While the job is running, (extracting) appears next to the name of the table in the navigation. If your integer is guaranteed to always be the second of three "words", each separated by white space, something like s = 'X= 45 A' number = s. What is the input? The Input is nothing but some value from a system or user. extract¶ numpy. The input dictionary may have some values as dictionaries. In this article, we show how to extract only alphanumeric characters from a string in Python using regular expressions. The response is in a structured format, using Keys and Values. Extract a number from a complicated string. So what are they ? First of all let me tell you that it is not necessary to write *args or **kwargs. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. The Packages There are python packages available to work with Excel files that will run on any Python platform and that do not require either Windows or Excel to be used. A short newbie question. 4%) that we want to retrieve in numerical format to apply it later (0. extract (condition, arr) [source] ¶ Return the elements of an array that satisfy some condition. You can also initialize it with your own attributes and generate an appropriate HTTP header using the output() method. Opaque means that the inner representation of the array is not known. Simple python script to extract sub string between two delimiters of a string. I have a task to extract specific words from specific column in data frame, then count those words and then just to do some min/max/mean ant Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and. In this tutorial you'll learn how to use Python's rich set of operators, functions, and methods for working with strings. Tuples are also comparable and hashable so we can sort lists of them and use tuples as key values in Python dictionaries. The length parameter is optional. Write a Python program to print the following string in a specific format (see the output). To improve extract efficiency and scalability, values in extracts can be computed differently in version 2019. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. 2 to be equal to. Extract Values between two strings in a text file using python. From the entered number, i want to extract the first digit in the number. In Python a regular expression search is typically written as: match = re. This module attempts to be forgiving with regards to unlikely input formats, returning a datetime object even for dates which are ambiguous. This tutorial will explain you all about Split in Python. print(len(strings)) # Display all string elements in list. The tutorial shows how to extract number from various text strings in Excel by using formulas and the Extract tool. Tuples can be packed and unpacked. You can slice these further to extract only the first and last entries of each. 0 and are the way to go. C++: How to extract file extension from a path string using Boost & C++17 FileSystem Library How to check if a file or directory or link exists in Python ? 5 Different ways to read a file line by line in Python. Go maps in action. com It is simple wrapper of tabula-java and it enables you to extract table into DataFrame or JSON with Python. Following up on the discussion of the inexactness of float arithmetic in String Formats for Float Precision, confirm that Python does not consider. join(mylist) spam, ham, eggs Using the same method, you might also do this:. In Python you will use the open() function to open the read and write files. When using the classes directly, you have access to extra APIs and can create subclasses to customize their behavior. Pandas library in Python easily let you find the unique values. This article shows you how to extract various components from a variety of name formats using these handy functions. You need to rebind (assign) it to line in order to have that variable take the new value, with those characters removed. The BeautifulSoup module can handle HTML and XML. Simply writing two string literals together also. Corey Schafer 114,838 views. JSON data looks much like a dictionary would in Python, with keys and values stored. Python For Beginners. Contribute to ashima/pdf-table-extract development by creating an account on GitHub. Extracting data from PDFs using Python When testing highly data dependent products, I find it very useful to use data published by governments. use instances of object as the value. You can extract partial strings from string values, add or remove spacing, convert letters to lowercase or uppercase, and check that strings are formatted correctly. Can be both a positive or negative number. extract(r'regex') First let's create a dataframe. For example I have the string "CORSAIR VENGEANCE RGB 16GB (2X8GB) DDR4 3200MHZ CL 16" where I want to extract the "16" from "16GB" as well as the "2" and "8" in "(2x8GB)" and "3200" from "3200MHZ". You really don’t need Python to do this and can from terminal. Python String to Int. Welcome to the Python GDAL/OGR Cookbook!¶ This cookbook has simple code snippets on how to use the Python GDAL/OGR API. The EXTRACT() function returns a double precision value. 1k points) I've searched for an answer for. Because invoking a mutable python type with an argument of the same type (e. Luckily, Python makes string manipulation very simple, especially when compared to other languages and even older versions of Python. Pattern matching in the Icon language is different from that in Perl. For example, in Java, the substring method is used to get the substring from the source string. It's used in most public APIs on the web, and it's a great way to pass data between programs. Exercise 5: Take the following Python code that stores a string: str = 'X-DSPAM-Confidence:0. If your String contains "dd-mm-yy", split on the "-" character to get an array of: "dd" "mm" "yy". org or mail your article to [email protected] I've tried multiple ways but some of my main errors have been that I can't import modules (such as panda, defaultdict, and collections). To get a sub-string from a string, it's as simple as inputting the desired start position of the string as well as the desired end position. how to extract part of string in python (the string length may vary)-1. x Timer Clock; Text to Speech in Python; Working with the text file?. To put it simply, it helps developers with string formatting and concatenation. A short newbie question. The simplest way of extracting single characters from strings (and individual members from any sequence) is to unpack them into corresponding variables. The response is in a structured format, using Keys and Values. In this post: Python extract text from image Python OCR(Optical Character Recognition) for PDF Python extract text from multiple images in folder How to improve the OCR results Python's binding pytesseract for tesserct-ocr is extracting text from image or PDF with great success: str = pytesseract. getAttribute() method returns a list containing string elements, and every element within the original list attribute will be interpreted as the empty string. However, if a key contains multiple values, you are likely to see a list in the dict. Extract the substring of the column in pandas python; With examples. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Python HOME Python Intro Python Get Started Python Syntax Python Comments Python Variables Python Data Types Python Numbers Python Casting Python Strings Python Booleans Python Operators Python Lists Python Tuples Python Sets Python Dictionaries Python IfElse Python While Loops Python For Loops Python Functions Python Lambda Python Arrays. Pattern matching in the Icon language is different from that in Perl. An empty string is a string that has 0 characters. Strings are sequences and can be accessed in the same ways as other sequence-based data types, through indexing and slicing. raw_input() raw_input() asks the user for a string of data (ended with a newline), and simply returns the string. Since none of these dealt with real world financial numbers in excel and word docs that I needed to find, here is my variation.